What is an Internet Protocol (IP)?

There are millions of computers linked to the internet, and Internet Protocol (IP) defines the set of rules that govern data transit between them. Every computer on the internet, known as a host, has a unique IP address that distinguishes it from all other web servers. IP was first described in 1974 in a paper written by Robert Kahn titled “A Protocol for Packet Network Intercommunication” and since then, it has been governing our modern-day internet.

In this article, we will walk you through the fundamentals of Internet Protocol, from answering some of the questions related to its fundamentals to selecting the best protocol for your needs. Before learning about internet protocols, you should make sure you have a high-speed, secure internet connection. If you want to enjoy the experience of an award-winning internet connection, check out the amazing packages offered by Windstream internet. Windstream offers a secure connection without any data caps so that you can enjoy unlimited internet with super-fast speed.

With securing a reliable internet connection, let’s learn more about Internet Protocol.

Why are Internet Protocols Important?

Consider sending a courier to answer this question. The envelope carries the sender’s and receiver’s entire information, including address, name, zip code, and contact information. The information is not written in a random order, but in a way that the postal system can understand. The delivery will not be successful if it is not worded correctly.

Everyone participating in the process ensures that the agreed-upon protocol is followed. Similarly, all IP data packets must convey particular information in a specific order, and all IP addresses must adhere to a set of rules. These Internet protocols are just as important as any other standards in the real world for maintaining the integrity of the internet environment and connection.

At the heart of these IPs are additional protocols known as TPs or Transport Protocols. These TPs are in charge of allowing communication between different hosts linked via the internet. The Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) is one of the most important protocols in this category, and that is why IP is frequently known as TCP/IP. TCP isn’t the only protocol included in IP, though.

How Does IP Work?

Every host device connected to the internet is assigned a unique IP address. The IP address of any device is a unique series of characters. Each IP address, such as, is a numerical identifier that identifies a computer network that communicates using the Internet Protocol. Users may visit websites without remembering this complicated series of numbers thanks to DNS resolvers, which can provide a list of domain names that can be used to determine hostnames.

Each IP packet will include both the IP address of the device or domain delivering the packet and the IP address of the intended receiver, similar to how a piece of mail includes both the destination and return address.

The Internet is made up of huge linked networks, each of which is in charge of a block of IP addresses; these large networks are referred to as autonomous systems (AS). Packets go from one AS to the next until they reach one that claims responsibility for the IP address in question. The packets are then internally routed to the destination by that AS.

Types of Internet Protocols

There are different protocols followed by the networks including the following common ones.


These TPs are responsible for providing communication between various hosts connected via the internet by allowing the flow of data across them.


UDP is a data transport protocol that is part of the TCP/IP set of protocols. The distinction is that it does not acknowledge receipt of the packets being sent. It’s known as a stateless protocol because of this, and it’s utilized for media streaming where no verification of data is required.

·  FTP

The File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a standard for accessing, storing, uploading, saving, and deleting data among IP servers.


The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is a protocol used to send hypermedia content like HTML. It was created to facilitate communication between web browsers and servers, but it may also be used to view content on the internet and for some other purposes.


Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure, HTTPS, is an HTTP extension. It is frequently used over the web and is utilized for secure communication over a computer network. Transport Layer Security encrypts the communication protocol within HTTPS.

Selecting the Right IP

You should be looking for the correct selection criteria for your commercial internet now that you’ve learned about the foundations of Internet protocol and its many varieties. It is dependent on the activities you engage in while on the internet.

  • TCPs are extensively utilized in small organizations for convenient management.
  • FTP protocols, together with HTTP, may be beneficial for you if you demand efficient file storage and transport for your business. When both protocols are used together, data will be verified and file transfers will be seamless.
  • HTTPS is widespread and trustworthy for data transport over the network if security is a top priority for you.

Summarizing it all

Internet protocols allow network servers to communicate with one another, manage multiple devices, and keep the network secure. We’ve covered the basics of IPs, their kinds, and how to choose the right ones for your network in this article. These protocols are required to keep the internet operational and secure. Internet protocols are the backbone of the modern-day internet; without them, digital communication would be impossible.

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